- Python 2.7, 3.3+ or PyPy 2.6+ (including the development headers)
- Libgit2 v0.26.x
- cffi 1.0+
- tox (optional)
Optional libgit2 dependecies to support ssh and https:
- https: WinHTTP (Windows), SecureTransport (OS X) or OpenSSL.
- ssh: libssh2, pkg-config
It should work with older versions of cffi and PyPy, but using cffi 1.0+ (and PyPy 2.6+) is strongly encouraged.
One common mistake users do is to choose incompatible versions of libgit2 and pygit2. See below for a reference table of compatible versions. Double check the versions do match before filing a bug report.
The version number of pygit2 is composed of three numbers separated by dots « major.minor.micro », where the first two numbers « major.minor » match the first two numbers of the libgit2 version, while the last number « .micro » auto-increments independently.
It is recommended to use the latest version in each series. Example of compatible releases:
Backwards compatibility is not guaranteed even between micro releases. Please check the release notes for incompatible changes before upgrading to a new release.
To install the latest version of libgit2 system wide, in the
$ wget https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2/archive/v0.27.0.tar.gz $ tar xzf v0.27.0.tar.gz $ cd libgit2-0.27.0/ $ cmake . $ make $ sudo make install
For detailed instructions on building libgit2 check https://libgit2.github.com/docs/guides/build-and-link/
Now install pygit2, and then verify it is correctly installed:
$ pip install pygit2 ... $ python -c 'import pygit2'
The verification step may fail if the dynamic linker does not find the libgit2 library:
$ python -c 'import pygit2' Traceback (most recent call last): File "<string>", line 1, in <module> File "pygit2/__init__.py", line 29, in <module> from _pygit2 import * ImportError: libgit2.so.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
This happens for instance in Ubuntu, the libgit2 library is installed within
/usr/local/lib directory, but the linker does not look for it there. To
fix this call
$ sudo ldconfig $ python -c 'import pygit2'
If it still does not work, please open an issue at https://github.com/libgit2/pygit2/issues, I would like to know about it.
LIBGIT2 – If you install libgit2 in an unusual place, you will need to set
LIBGIT2 environment variable before installing pygit2. This variable
tells pygit2 where libgit2 is installed. We will see a concrete example later,
when explaining how to install libgit2 within a virtual environment.
LIBGIT2_LIB – This is a more rarely used build option, it allows to
override the library directory where libgit2 is installed, useful if different
This is how to install both libgit2 and pygit2 within a virtual environment.
This is useful if you don’t have root acces to install libgit2 system wide. Or if you wish to have different versions of libgit2/pygit2 installed in different virtual environments, isolated from each other.
Create the virtualenv, activate it, and set the
$ virtualenv venv $ source venv/bin/activate $ export LIBGIT2=$VIRTUAL_ENV
Install libgit2 (see we define the installation prefix):
$ wget https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2/archive/v0.27.0.tar.gz $ tar xzf v0.27.0.tar.gz $ cd libgit2-0.27.0/ $ cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$LIBGIT2 $ make $ make install
$ export LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath='$LIBGIT2/lib',--enable-new-dtags $LDFLAGS" $ pip install pygit2 $ python -c 'import pygit2'
Did you notice we set the rpath before
installing pygit2? Since libgit2 is installed in a non standard location, the
dynamic linker will not find it at run-time, and
lddconfig will not help
So you need to either set
LD_LIBRARY_PATH before using pygit2, like:
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LIBGIT2/lib $ python -c 'import pygit2'
Or, like we have done in the instructions above, use the rpath, it hard-codes extra search paths within
the pygit2 extension modules, so you don’t need to set
everytime. Verify yourself if curious:
$ readelf --dynamic lib/python2.7/site-packages/pygit2-0.27.0-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg/_pygit2.so | grep PATH 0x000000000000001d (RUNPATH) Library runpath: [/tmp/venv/lib]
pygit2 for Windows is packaged into wheels and can be easily installed with pip:
pip install pygit2
For development it is also possible to build pygit2 with libgit2
from sources. libgit2 location is specified by the
environment variable. libgit2 should be built in “__cdecl” mode.
The following recipe shows you how to do it from a bash shell:
$ export LIBGIT2=C:/Dev/libgit2 $ git clone --depth=1 -b maint/v0.26 https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2.git $ cd libgit2 $ cmake . -DSTDCALL=OFF -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$LIBGIT2 -G "Visual Studio 9 2008" $ cmake --build . --config release --target install $ ctest -v
At this point, you’re ready to execute the generic pygit2 installation steps described at the start of this page.
You will need the XCode Developer Tools from Apple. This free download from the Mac App Store will provide the clang compiler needed for the installation of pygit2.
This section was tested on OS X 10.9 Mavericks and OS X 10.10 Yosemite with Python 3.3 in a virtual environment.
The easiest way is to first install libgit2 with the Homebrew package manager and then use pip3 for pygit2. The following example assumes that XCode and Hombrew are already installed.
$ brew update $ brew install libgit2 $ pip3 install pygit2